Machu Picchu, also known as the Sacred Valley of the Incas, is one of the world’s most popular destinations. This true gem of South America is mostly known for its spectacular location and great history. It is situated on a mountain ridge 2,430 meters above the sea level in the Cusco region of Peru.
During the 16th century, Machu Picchu was ruled by the Spanish, until 1911, when American scholar Hiram Bingham discovered the city. There’s a lot more to know about this mysterious ancient site. Ready for the shockers?
Fact # 1
Machu Picchu alone covers 32,592 hectares of mountain slopes, peaks and valleys.
Fact # 2
In 1981, Machu Picchu was declared as a Peruvian Historical Sanctuary, and in 1983, UNESCO added it to the World Heritage list.
Fact # 3
The sculpted granite rock in the Sanctuary of Machu Picchu, well-known as the Ithuatana stone was earlier used as a calendar or a solar clock.
Fact # 4
During the Winter solstice, the Inti Watana stone is believed to position itself pointing directly towards the sun. For this reason, it is regarded as one of the many ritual stones in South America.
Fact # 5
Every year, the Inca Trail sees marathoners as they run 26 miles to the highest peak in 3 hours and twenty-six minutes.
Fact # 6
The Spanish Conquistadors had brought with them Small Pox that has led to the killing of the original population of this destination.
Fact # 7
The trail towards the top of Machu Picchu lasts for about 90-minutes.
Fact # 8
Did you know Machu Picchu is built on 2 fault lines? It’s because of this construction that the city is protected during earthquakes in Peru. The stones are said to “dance” and “bounce” and then fallback to the rightful place at a seismic event.
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