The Incan Civilization is believed to come into existence in the early 13th century. By 1438, they had conquered most of the lands surrounded by the Inca heartland of Cuzco. With the rule of the Spanish conquistadors, the reign of the Incan Empire came to an end in 1572. It was during this era that amazing cities and fortresses were constructed.
Well, there’s nothing that can atop the majesty of Machu Picchu, but you’d surely not miss out on the other ancient Incan ruins situated around the region. Here’s a list of the top 5 Incan ruins-
Winay Wayna, one of the most amazing Inca ruins is located along the Incan trail to Machu Picchu. This amazing Incan site is built along a steep hillside that overlooks the Urubamba River. It consists of upper and lower house complexes with agricultural terraces. The houses are connected by a staircase and fountain structures.
Moray is an archaeological site in Peru that is located 50 km north-west of Cusco on a plateau at a height of 11,500 feet. It mostly consists of various circular terraces that guide in studying the effect of different climatic conditions on the crops. The lower the terrace, lower the temperature. The approximate temperature difference between the top and the bottom is about 15oC.
Sacsayhuaman is an Incan site located on the northern outskirts of the city of Cusco. The city was laid out in the form of a puma. The main plaza looked similar to the belly of the puma, the Tullumayo river is its spine, and the hills form its head. Limestones of different sizes are used to build parallel walls in different levels. The zig-zag pattern of the wall represents the teeth of the puma’s head.
Pisac, meaning “partridge” is a word of the Quechua origin. It’s in the Incan tradition to build cities that resemble birds and animals, such as Pisac. The city is partridge shaped. The city consists of military citadel, religious temples, and local homes. It overlooks the Sacred Valley that’s located between the Salkantay Mountain. The city guards the southern entrance to the Sacred Valley.
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